The Chinese and Indian foreign ministries agreed in a joint statement on Friday that their troops would be stationed at their disputed Himalayan border for months.
Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi, and Indian Foreign Minister S. Jaishankar met during a meeting of foreign ministers of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in Moscow.
“The The two foreign ministers agreed that the current situation in the border areas was not in the interests of either side. They therefore agreed that the border forces of the two sides should continue their dialogue, disperse quickly, maintain the right distance, and reduce tensions.
Separately, the Chinese Foreign Ministry said it would maintain communications with India through diplomatic and military means and was committed to “restoring peace and tranquility” in the disputed border area.
Explaining the Moscow meeting, China told Wang Jaishankar that “it is imperative to immediately stop provocations such as shootings and other dangerous acts that violate the commitments made by both sides.”
Wang said all personnel and equipment violated at the border should be evacuated and border forces on both sides should “disperse quickly” to aggravate the situation.
“This deal is important but on the other hand I am still cautious. Let’s wait and see what happens in the next few weeks and months. It will be a crucial test,” said Sumit Ganguly, a professor of political science at Indiana University. Bloomington, United States.
This deal is important but on the other hand I am still cautious. Let’s wait and see what happens in the next few weeks and months.
Sumit Ganguly is Professor of Political Science at Indiana University
“I think there are significant reasons for both sides to intensify,” he told Al Jazeera.
“In the case of India, the economy has deteriorated in the wake of the COVID crisis and its shambolic management. As a result, India will not be able to allocate significant resources to the military at this particular stage,” he said.
“The Chinese did not want this to become a big distraction as their economy was finally recovering, and they focused on the November elections in the US.”
Speaking on the five-point agreement between the two countries, Ganguly said that forces would probably be withdrawn from eye-to-eye contact with each other.
“They have to reduce the actual deployment of certain types of artillery and other weapons along specific territory.”
‘State of Puffing’
The Global Times, which is controlled by the Communist Party of China, took a more stern tone in an editorial published before the meeting of the two ministers.
“China must be fully prepared to take military action when diplomatic engagement fails, and its front line forces must be able to respond to emergencies and be ready to fight anytime,” the magazine said.
It accused India of inciting resentment over the 1962 conflict and blamed the country.“Unprecedented status puffing”.
#Global Times Editorial: If India wants peace, China and India must support the LIC of November 7, 1959. If India wants war, China is responsible. Let’s see which country outperforms another country. https://t.co/O0EkXVACG8 pic.twitter.com/tdbOEvjVUQ
– Global Times (loglobaltimesnews) September 10, 2020
Wang and Jaishanka met every week after a alleged border clash in the western Himalayas during the border clashes in which everyone was shot in the air, a violation of long-standing protocols on the use of firearms on the sensitive border.
The Chinese ministry said the two countries had reached a five-point consensus on easing tensions in the region and needed to abide by existing agreements to ensure peace.
Al Jazeera and news organizations