Following an agreement reached by nearly 200 countries on wire in Glasgow on Saturday, the world needs to act very quickly to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and avoid the “catastrophic” warming of the planet, scientists and politicians warn.
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At the end of two days of day and night negotiations until the last second, almost all the countries of the planet agreed to a compromise to accelerate the fight against rising temperatures.
Although every tenth of the degree has major consequences, the decisions of this “Glasgow Treaty” do not lead to a warming of 1.5 ° C compared to the pre-industrial era, which is the most ambitious goal of the Paris Agreement. 2015 lays the foundations for climate action.
“Climate disaster is still knocking on the door,” UN chief Antonio Guterres warned. “We kept +1.5 (C (…) in our range, but the pulse was weak,” said COP26 President Britain Alok Sharma.
“Global emissions must be reduced immediately, urgently, and urgently,” said Jory Rogerz of Imperial College London, believing that “science has never been in the COP’s decisions.”
Shut down coal-fired power plants
Although Glasgow is the cradle of the coal-fuel industrial revolution, the words “fossil fuels” and “coal”, which represent the main causes of global warming, remain the first city to be at the highest level after 26 conferences. Lying on paper.
“It’s coming too late, but it’s really welcome,” commented Chris Littlecott, an energy conversion expert at Think Tank E3G. “2021 saw the shutdown of the coal financing tap, COP26 has opened a new chapter that will accelerate the retirement of existing coal-based power stations”.
Finally, naming coal and oil was painful, as India and China won at the last moment, in the very room where the final hammer blow should resonate, to further strengthen the formulation in “reduction” instead of “outside” from coal, prompting Alok Sharma to apologize to the world with tears.
Mr Sharma told the BBC on Sunday that China and India should “explain themselves” on the decision.
The change in China announced a surprise deal with the United States on Wednesday, followed by the release of the second largest greenhouse gases. President Joe Biden, who attacked his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping at the start of the COP for his absence in Glasgow, must have a video conference with him on Monday.
“Beijing must keep the promises of the Glasgow Climate Agreement in the near future by setting a date for the end of coal in its territory,” Byford Tsang, E3G, said.
“The real Glasgow pass test is the way in which countries can forge new cooperation to achieve rapid action over the next 12 months”, E3G summarizes, COP26’s other promises on methane emissions, powerful greenhouse gas, deforestation and fossil fuel financing.
“I urge politicians and economists to act with immediate and foresight,” Pope Francis Angeles said after the prayer, referring to COP26.
The UCS (Union of Concerned Scientists) warns that “if countries and especially large emitters adhere to their small steps and business policies, they will condemn the world to indescribable suffering and loss for future and future generations.” .
The poorest countries with the least responsibility for global warming have already suffered, but are at the forefront in the face of its effects and have struggled in Glasgow to obtain specific funding for their “losses and risks”.
They reluctantly agreed to continue the conversation without losing progress in the fight against global warming.
“We always knew Glasgow was not the finish line,” US Ambassador John Kerry said Saturday evening.
Scotland has been separated from Egypt for twelve months, where the 27th session of the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP) will take place.