In the wake of abortion, guns and vaccination responsibilities, the Supreme Court of the United States on Monday added the most sensitive aspect to its program, agreeing to examine affirmative action policies in universities.
The High Court, firmly rooted in conservatism, will review selection procedures at the prestigious Harvard University and Public University in North Carolina by the end of the year.
These organizations, like many other organizations in the United States, consider ethnic criteria to ensure student diversity and to correct under-representation of black and Hispanic youth.
Candidates of Asian descent, who met at the “Students for Fair Admission” Association, took legal action in 2014 alleging discrimination by these devices. According to them, they are under-represented in these institutions proportionally because their academic results are higher than average.
They lost in the early stages and then appealed to the Supreme Court, despite the support of President Donald Trump on the appeal. The High Court indicated that it could grant them satisfaction by accepting their appeal.
This is a major setback after decades of intense debate over definitive action plans introduced in the late 1960s to address the inequalities that have arisen from America’s racist and separatist past.
These policies are always fiercely competitive on the right. White students regularly complain about these mechanisms, claiming to be victims of “reverse discrimination”.
So far they have always lost. In 2003 the Supreme Court itself ruled that universities could take into account specific ethnic criteria, which were aimed only at determining the diversity of the student population.
Six of the nine judges, including three appointed by Donald Trump, can now reverse the course, as the American Court of Justice, which is conservative, is ready to reconsider the right to abortion.
The administration of Democratic President Joe Biden, taking a hostile stance towards his predecessor, asked not to go down this path, emphasizing in a written argument that “there is an undeniable interest in the education that the diverse student body has.”