Disappeared more than a century after being wrecked in ice, the Anglo-Irish explorer and Ernest Shackleton, the greatest figure in Antarctic exploration history, was found at a depth of 3,000 meters in the Wedel Sea.
The search, launched by the British Foundation Falklands Maritime Heritage Trust, announced on Wednesday that it had identified and photographed the wreckage in a press release.
Remains of endurance were found six kilometers from where she sank in 1915. Mission.
“You can even read the name of its endurance in the rigid arc,” he added. A group of 100 men set out from Cape Town on February 5 on an icebreaker in South Africa with the aim of finding the wreckage before the end of the Australian summer.
The power of the ship was intact, and the equipment was stacked as if the crew had just left the boat. The framework, though damaged, is still standing. None of the ruins classified as a historic site have been brought to the surface.
By the end of 1914, Endurance had left the British island of South Georgia in the South Atlantic to take on the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition, led by Shackleton.
In the early 20th century, the conquest of the poles inspired many explorers. Among them, Sir Ernest Shackleton and Weddell planned to become the first person to cross Antarctica from sea to sea, from Antarctica to the Ross Sea. The adventure lasts for two years and ends in failure, but Shackleton’s epic at White Hell will go down in history.
A few months later, the fragmented pack causes an ice problem: the snow is thicker than expected. In January 1915, the ship sank in the Veddel Sea near the Larsen Ice Shelf. Prisoner for months, the 44-meter three-masted scanner would slowly break and sink to a depth of 3,000 meters.
The expedition became legendary, due to the crew’s survival conditions, before camping on packed ice for months before taking refuge on the desolate and icy Elephant Island off the Antarctic Peninsula.
However due to Shackleton’s courageous voyage, he set out in Endurance Canoe with some of his comrades for help as far as South Georgia before returning to rescue his entire crew.
In this area, AFP Adrian Glover, a biologist at the British Museum of Natural History, described the discovery as “ice is too thick, too fast, and can crush (…) it is unforgivable”. Of the Titanic.
The previous mission endurance could not be found in 2019, the owner of the icebreaker was recalled by the South African Ministry of Environment.
The research expedition, called Endurance 22, used state-of-the-art technology, including two underwater drones, to explore the area that Shackleton himself described as “the worst part of the world’s worst ocean” due to ice conditions.
Scientists have also used the mission to study the effects of climate change. Stephanie Arndt, a researcher at the Alfred Weisner Institute in Germany, said on Twitter that she had collected an “incredible number” of 630 specimens of snow and ice.
The crew must now begin an eleven-day journey back to Cape Town.
Along with the Norwegian Roald Amundsen, the first person to reach the South Pole in 1911 was the Australian Mason and Robert Falcon Scott of Britain, one of Shackleton’s big names in Antarctic exploration history. He died in January 1922.