The most popular roofing material is metal tile. Many people do not know that there are quite a few types of it, so when they are interested in the price, they do not even specify which metal tile they want. With Metal Roofing Toronto, you can be sure of quality consultation about your roof, quality work, and adequate prices.
Types of roofs
The choice of the type of roof is significantly influenced by the climate. A flat solution is appropriate in areas with minimal annual precipitation. The absence or minimal (no more than 3º) slope in the area with a lot of water will lead to the accumulation of water on the roof. Over time, it may begin to leak. A sloping design is more suitable for a temperate continental climate. The angle of inclination depends on the amount of precipitation, usually, it is at least 10º. In a private house, the device of the roof often implies several slopes.
The architecture of the house may include an attic. In this case, the roof is separated from the residential part by an attic floor. At the same time, the roofless roof is the covering of the upper floor.
A single-sloped roof is an inclined plane (slope) that rests on load-bearing walls located at different heights. A single-pitched roof is a roof consisting of one slope.
This type of roof can be applied to any type of building. A single-pitched roof is arranged on residential buildings, garages and warehouses, gazebos and sheds, and many other buildings. Single-sloped roofs with a straight plane of slope can be of any geometric shape: rectangular, triangular, square, rhombic, round, oval, trapezoidal, and many others. You can choose them with a straight plane of slope – although they are the simplest in construction, such roofs have their own characteristic features in the device and installation.
Among all types of simple roofs, the gable form of the roof is considered the best and most practical. In comparison with single-pitched, as well as three- and four-pitched roofs, the form of a two-pitched roof allows you to most optimally organize the under-roof space of the mansard or attic, while significantly reducing monetary costs.
It is simple in device, planning, calculations, and installation.
A gable roof is one of the most popular and widespread types of pitched roofs. It consists of two slopes, which became the determining factor in the name of the class for roofs of this type. The slopes have a slope from the ridge to the eaves of the roof.
The slopes on such roofs are symmetrical (have a mirror image).
This class of gable roofs has its distinctive features:
- The roof slopes always have the same slope;
- The pediment of the building has the shape of an isosceles triangle;
- The ridge of the roof is located strictly in the center of the building.
As a rule, gable roofs with broken slopes are used to significantly increase the unification of the negative under-roof space of the room: mansard or attic.
A tented roof is called a four-pitched roof covering. It consists of the same triangular ramps, necessarily isosceles, that connect in the center. Observance of symmetry is the main thing in the construction of such a roof.
The outline of this type of roof is similar to a tent, hence the name. Since the tent roof has a descending geometry from a four-sided pyramid, such a roof is often called a pyramidal roof (pyramidal roof).
Most often, a tent roof is erected over a square-shaped area. Sometimes, when erecting a tent roof, a larger number of slopes is used, the main thing is that it looks like a pyramid or a polygon with equal sides.
A tent roof is one of the types of four-slope roofs. In terms of design and construction features, it is very similar to a hip roof: it also lacks gables, and the eaves overhang is at one level along the entire perimeter of the building.
According to historians, the appearance of the roof in the form of a tent goes back centuries, even the huts of primitive people resembled tents in shape. Excavations conducted in Mesopotamia, where one of the oldest developed states once existed, show that even the ancient Sumerians erected buildings with roofs in the form of tents, especially when such roofs were used on religious buildings: shrines, temples, chapels. Tent roofs can also be found on ancient towers and castles, where the structures strongly resemble a steep descent.
Currently, such roofs are often used in the construction of cottages, gazebos, and other low-rise buildings.