July 17, 2024

The Queens County Citizen

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From UV Rays to Heatwaves: The Hidden Dangers of Summer and How to Safeguard Your Skin

Summer, with its glorious sunshine and warm temperatures, is a season often associated with joy and relaxation. However, it is also a time of year when the skin is exposed to various environmental hazards such as ultraviolet (UV) rays and heatwaves, among others.

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The Impact of UV Rays on Skin

The Earth receives UV rays from the sun in three forms: UVA, UVB, and UVC. Luckily, UVC rays are absorbed by the Earth’s ozone layer, but UVA and UVB rays reach us and pose significant risks to skin health. 

UVA rays penetrate deep into the skin’s dermis, damaging collagen and elastin fibers, which are essential components in maintaining the skin’s elasticity and suppleness. Over time, prolonged UVA exposure can cause premature skin aging, leading to wrinkles and age spots. On the other hand, UVB rays primarily affect the skin’s superficial layers, causing sunburns and contributing to the development of skin cancers.

The Dehydrating Effect of Heat Waves 

Heatwaves bring extreme temperatures, leading to increased sweating, which is a natural cooling mechanism. However, the downside is that it can strip the skin of its natural oils, leading to dehydration. Dehydrated skin looks dull and feels tight, and in the worst cases, it can lead to inflammation and other severe skin conditions such as heat rash and heat edema.

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Additionally, during heatwaves, the body’s heat-regulation mechanisms can fail, leading to conditions such as heatstroke, which can have severe systemic effects and indirectly impact skin health.

How to Safeguard Your Skin

Recognizing these threats is the first step towards protecting your skin. Here are some practical strategies that you can employ:

Regular Use of Sunscreen

Sunscreen is the first line of defense against harmful UV rays. Choose a broad-spectrum sunscreen, which will protect you from both UVA and UVB rays. Aim for an SPF of at least 30, and remember to apply it 30 minutes before going outside. Reapply every two hours, or more often if you are swimming or sweating excessively.

Stay Hydrated

Maintaining your body’s water balance is crucial during the summer months. Regular fluid intake not only ensures the optimal functioning of your body but also keeps your skin hydrated. Fruits and vegetables with high water content, such as watermelon and cucumber, can also contribute to your daily fluid intake.

Use Protective Clothing

Wearing lightweight, long-sleeved clothing, wide-brimmed hats, and UV-blocking sunglasses can provide additional protection against harmful sun rays. Consider clothing with an Ultraviolet Protection Factor (UPF) rating for more efficient UV blockage.

Employ a Summer-Friendly Skin Care Routine

During summer, your skin care routine should focus on hydration and calming effects. Start by cleansing your skin with a mild, hydrating cleanser. Follow this up with a lightweight, oil-free moisturizer that keeps your skin moisturized without making it greasy. Additionally, consider incorporating products with soothing ingredients like aloe vera and chamomile to help calm any inflammation.

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Pay Attention to Air Quality

During heatwaves, the air quality can deteriorate, leading to higher concentrations of pollutants which can aggravate the skin. Keep an eye on the air quality index (AQI) and try to stay indoors on days when the AQI is high.

Seek Shade

Avoiding direct sunlight, especially during peak hours (10 a.m. to 4 p.m.), can significantly reduce your exposure to harmful UV rays. When outdoor activities are unavoidable, seek shade whenever possible.


While summer brings joy and relaxation, it also exposes the skin to numerous hazards such as UV rays and heatwaves. By recognizing these threats and taking proactive measures, you can ensure that your skin remains healthy and radiant throughout the season. This summer, let’s enjoy the sun responsibly by giving our skin the protection it needs and deserves.


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